What is Physical Security?

Physical security actively prevents threats, intruders, property damage and theft.

Physical security is defined as “the protection of people, property, and physical assets from actions and events that could cause damage or loss.” While similarities exist, physical security systems differ from logical security systems in that they guard objects and locations, as opposed to virtual realms, data, and intellectual property.

Popular security measures include equipment like surveillance cameras and security guards. Other common mechanisms associated with physical security are doors, locks, CCTV cameras, fences, turnstiles, power supplies, physical barriers, and access control

In this article, we will review the basics of physical security and discuss why it is important for security management

Common security threats

A vast majority of security equipment is designed to deter unwanted people from entering a specific part of a building. 

Common security threats include:

  • Theft and burglary
  • Unauthorized trespassers 
  • Acts of terrorism
  • Vandalism or property damage
  • Sabotage or corporate espionage

How to Lessen Risk: 4 Physical Security Measures 

Whether you manage a small business or a large enterprise, there are certain security measures you must implement to restrict unauthorized access to your operation. While the size and scale of these measures might shift with each case, the basic needs for them remain the same. To help you get started, here are four effective physical security measures for risk management and protection:

1. Cloud-based access control

Cloud-based access control software is built to be managed from anywhere. These platforms are developed and managed by SaaS providers such as Genea. Access control and security hardware often work hand-in-hand to restrict and regulate entry throughout a building. By combining computer technology with physical barriers, cloud-based access control gives you unparalleled control of your building and its different entry points.

Cloud-based access control systems are preferable to on-premises systems for several reasons. Not only do they save you thousands of dollars on hardware, but cloud-based platforms also include direct support, system updates, and API integrations

2. Effective visitor management

Visitor management is an important security practice that is focused on directing the movements of visitors in a building. Traditional visitor management systems can be as simple as logbooks found in the lobbies of office buildings. However, modern visitor management systems help monitor movements of guests within your operation. 

When integrated with a security system, visitor management software makes it simple to register and track guests without making physical contact. Additionally, visitor management systems provide real-time access and notifications about the movements of employees and visitors. 

3. Surveillance

Surveillance is the practice of monitoring a particular area for suspicious or criminal activity. These systems use many measures to gather data and effectively manage a building. These measures include cameras, monitors, recorders, alarm systems, as well as law enforcement, security guards, and security teams. 

Video surveillance systems, also referred to as video management systems (VMS), help with security by giving you direct visual evidence of your property. While physical barriers and access control restrict movement within a building, surveillance systems keep a vigilant watch on the area. 

In the event of a security breach, surveillance systems provide critical evidence used in conjunction with data from access control systems. This robust combo is a serious tool for reducing security risks.

4. Physical barriers

Physical barriers are on the front lines of any functional security system. These deterrents block physical access for people attempting to make physical entry to your building. Examples of physical barriers include fences, doors, walls, locks, turnstiles, and gates.  

Physical barriers complement access control systems to address physical threats of a property. When used with technologies like card readers, smartphones, and access credentials, physical barriers work under the control of machine automation. 

Why is Physical Security Important? Keep Your Employees and Facilities Safe

Security controls are important because they protect your operation’s most valuable assets. Whether it be data, equipment, facilities, or employees, it is your job as an owner or system administrator to keep your building safe

Unfortunately, in today’s society, we must deal with criminal elements that can sometimes cause physical harm. Implementing the appropriate physical security measures will keep your employees protected from acts of terrorism, vandals, and other malicious parties and activities. 

When it comes to protecting sensitive data, physical security is also a critical part of cybersecurity. To this end, physical barriers like doors and locks protect server rooms, data centers, and laptops that house sensitive information.

Fortify Your Physical Security with Genea Access Control 

No matter the size or focus of your operation, effective physical security measures are critical for maintaining a safe and secure environment. While physical security systems largely focus on keeping people from entering your building or office, some also employ measures for protecting assets during natural disasters and related vulnerabilities. 

Genea Access Control is the perfect complement to established physical security protocols. Not only can you control physical barriers and remote access from afar, but you can keep track of relevant data for use in an emergency. Finally, you can implement convenient access security strategies with 3rd party integrations and biometric identification when needed. 

Ready to learn more and bolster your physical security efforts? Contact us to discuss security policy and security needs at your operation. 

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